General Education Requirements

Requirements (PRIOR TO FW14)

The Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies General Education curriculum provides students with the foundation of interdisciplinary knowledge, breadth, methods and the approaches necessary for successful liberal and professional education. General Education courses expose students to ways of knowing and fundamental ideas in General Education 6.0 credit and 9.0 credit courses that span Humanities, Social Science, Natural Science and Modes of Reasoning, These courses also provide explicit instruction in critical analytical skills and thought and its communication in writing and speech.

Requirements by Degree Types

For all Honours BA, BA, Honours iBA and Honours BSW degree programs, the following is required:

  • 24 credits of General Education chosen from either General Education 6.0 credit or 9.0 credit courses in Humanities, Social Science, Natural Science and Modes of Reasoning, including a minimum of 6 credits in each of Humanities, Natural Science and Social Science.

For all Honours BAS, BAS, Honours BHRM, BHRM degree programs, the following is required:

  • 18 credits of General Education chosen from Humanities, Modes of Reasoning, Natural Science and Social Science, including a minimum of 6 credits in each of three areas: Humanities, Modes of Reasoning, Natural Science and Social Science.

Note: Modes of Reasoning is recommended for BAS and BHRM degrees.

Guidelines for General Education Courses

  • It is strongly recommended that students successfully complete (pass) their first General Education course within the first 24 credits.
  • It is strongly recommended that all General Education courses be successfully completed (passed) within the first 48 credits.
  • Approved General Education courses are offered at the 1000 and 2000-level.
  • A maximum of 9 credits in each of the four areas (Humanities, Modes of Reasoning, Natural Science and Social Science) will count towards fulfillment of General Education requirements.
  • A maximum of 36 credits in General Education will count towards the degree. Students who are required to exceed the 36 credit maximum because of program/degree requirements must obtain permission to do so from their program of study.
  • General Education courses may be used to satisfy more than one requirement, but are counted only once toward the total number of credits required for the degree as follows:

General Education courses may be used to fulfill the General Education requirement and, if applicable, major or minor program requirements. For the purpose of meeting major or minor program requirements, all 9 credit General Education courses will count as 6 credits towards the major or minor. The remaining 3 credits will count towards the total number of credits for the degree.

General Education courses used to fulfill the General Education requirement, or major or minor program requirements, may not also be used to fulfill required credits outside the major. Additional General Education courses not used to fulfill the General Education requirement, or major or minor program requirements, may be used to fulfill required credits outside the major.

General Education Requirements (Prior to FW09)

Students will select their General Education requirements in accordance with the following.

One 1000-level 9 credit Foundations course, in either the Division of Humanities or the Division of Social Science, to be successfully completed within the first 24 credits;

One 1000-level 6 credit course in the Division of Natural Science or in the Department of Biology, Chemistry, Earth and Atmospheric Science, or Physics, to be successfully completed prior to graduation, and preferably within the first 42 credits;

One 2000-level 9 credit Foundations course, in either the Division of Humanities or the Division of Social Science, to be taken within the first 48 credits. If the 1000-level 9 credit course is taken in the Division of Humanities, then the 2000-level 9 credit course must be taken in the Division of Social Science (and vice versa);

The Breadth requirement will be satisfied by successfully completing the General Education courses described above. The Breadth requirement must be successfully completed before graduation and requires at least 6 credits from each of the following areas:

AREA I - English, French Studies, History, Humanities, Languages, Literatures & Linguistics, Philosophy, Writing.

AREA II - Anthropology, Criminology, Economics, Geography, Political Science, Social Science, Sociology.

Modes of Reasoning Courses

Modes of Reasoning courses are now the responsibility of the Department of Philosophy (S448 Ross Bldg. 416-736-5113)

All Modes of Reasoning courses count toward the general education requirement.

A student may take only one modes course for credit. Like all general education courses, Modes seeks to introduce students to university culture, interdisciplinary modes of inquiry, and critical skills.

Modes however, emphasizes additional critical reasoning skills. The skills taught in each Modes course can be divided into three major areas:

  • critical thinking (analyzing and criticizing arguments toward the end of figuring out what makes the most sense to believe or to do within a given context)
  • critical reading (analyzing texts with the goal of understanding and summarizing them and determining their strengths and weaknesses) and
  • critical writing (constructing essays which clearly and concisely explain and support a position or point of view).

Practice and mentoring of skills is emphasized through the use of numerous examples analyzed both in class and in homework and assignments. These skills are applied to texts and issues on a variety of topics and in a variety of fields, depending upon the emphasis of the particular modes of reasoning course. Some examples of courses include: Reasoning about Morality and Values, Reasoning about Women and Sexism, and Techniques of Persuasion.

Note: AP/MODR 1000-level courses are part of Liberal Arts and Professional Studies' general education requirement. General education courses do not fulfill elective or major requirements.

Note: AP/MODR courses count toward LA&PS's general education requirements. Students are advised before registering in a course to consult the detailed course outlines on the Internet. This is particularly important whenever two or more sections of a course are being offered in any particular session as important differences of emphasis may exist relating both to content and methodology.